Agriculture

Agriculture in South-East Asia is vital

Due to water stress, land scarcity, weak institutions and contamination, agriculture is one of the most vulnerable sector to be impacted by climate change

    

The agriculture in South-East Asia represents:

 Adapting agricultural systems to climate change is urgent because its impact on agriculture is already evident and the trends will continue even if emissions of GreenHouse Gases (GHGs) are stabilized at current levels whereas adaptation can substantially reduce the adverse economic impact (Bank, 2006).

 

Decrease of productivity

In South-East Asia, the damages of climate change to agriculture would also be severe, with an estimated loss of productivity ranking from 15 % for Vietnam to more than 26 % for Thailand without taking in account the carbon fertilization effect.

Data based on :

Cline, W.R. (2007) Global Warming and Agriculture: End-of-century Estimates by Country. Peterson Institute & Anbumozhi, V. et al. (2012) Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific: How Can Countries Adapt? SAGE Publications India.

Because food security cannot be without clean water access...

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Agricultural water contamination​
Agriculture contamination on water can be multiple: - Pesticides (As, Pb, Cd...) - Nutrients (P, K, N...) leading to eutrophication - Nitrates... And faces also multiple contamination from waste waters, industrial waters or an increase of microbial development due to an higher water temperature.
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Facing more extreme events​
Droughts, floods, storms, typhoons... All these events critically impact agriculture, and both their frequency and intensity are increasing due to climate change. Climate change also affects the patterns of pest and diseases.
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Soil erosion
SouthEast Asia is a region where soil erosion present the highest risk. Soil erosion decrease fertility, is a trasportation vector of contaminents, and can present an important economic loss. South Asia lose $10 billions every year due to soil erosion.
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